Monastery

The place where a community of monks lived their lives according to the rules of their order. They lived within the confines of their community's buildings, not going into the world. In the 8c and 9c, many monasteries were founded by aristocratic converts, who also became abbots; similarly with nuns in nunneries. The younger children of aristocrats or gentry might also enter monasteries. [< Gr. monasterion = monastery, monos = alone] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Monastery — of St. Nilus on Stolbnyi Island in Lake Seliger near Ostashkov, Russia, ca. 1910 …   Wikipedia

  • monastery — (n.) c.1400, from O.Fr. monastere monastery (14c.) and directly from L.L. monasterium, from Eccles. Gk. monasterion a monastery, from monazein to live alone, from monos alone (see MONO (Cf. mono )). With suffix terion place for (doing something) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Monastery — Mon as*te*ry, n.; pl. {Monasteries}. [L. monasterium, Gr. ?, fr. ? a solitary, a monk, fr. ? to be alone, live in solitude, fr. mo nos alone. Cf. {Minister}.] A house of religious retirement, or of secusion from ordinary temporal concerns,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • monastery — *cloister, convent, nunnery, abbey, priory …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • monastery — [n] place where monks live abbey, cloister, friary, house, lamasery, priory, religious community; concepts 368,439,516 …   New thesaurus

  • monastery — ► NOUN (pl. monasteries) ▪ a community of monks living under religious vows. ORIGIN Greek monast rion, from monazein live alone …   English terms dictionary

  • monastery — [män′ə ster΄ē] n. pl. monasteries [ME monasterie < LL(Ec) monasterium < LGr(Ec) monastērion < Gr monazein, to be alone < monos, alone: see MONO ] 1. a building or residence for monks or others who have withdrawn from the world for… …   English World dictionary

  • monastery — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ great ▪ the great monastery of St Quentin ▪ ancient, medieval, old ▪ ruined ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • MONASTERY —    Western European monastic communities began to develop into more formalized brick and stone architectural compounds during the reign of Charlemagne in the 800s. Monasteries, which function as a place of prayer and are inhabited by people… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • monastery — UK [ˈmɒnəst(ə)rɪ] / US [ˈmɑnəˌsterɪ] noun [countable] Word forms monastery : singular monastery plural monasteries a building where a group of monks (= a religious community of men) lives and works …   English dictionary

  • monastery — monasterial /mon euh stear ee euhl/, adj. /mon euh ster ee/, n., pl. monasteries. 1. a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, esp. monks, living in seclusion under religious vows. 2. the community of persons living in… …   Universalium

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